May 23, 2024

Alpha 1 Lung Disease Market is Estimated to Witness High Growth Owing to Advancements in Gene Therapy

Alpha 1 lung disease refers to a group of rare genetic disorders caused due to a mutations in the Alpha 1 antitrypsin gene which reduces the production of alpha 1 antitrypsin. The Alpha 1 antitrypsin protein protects the lung tissue from damage due to enzymes released by immune cells. Insufficiency of this protein leads to lung damage and increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The major types of alpha 1 lung disease include Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) and non-AATD forms such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, and lung cancer. Currently, the treatment options for alpha 1 lung disease mainly comprise symptomatic treatment to manage lung infection and inflammation along with lung transplantation in severe cases. However, emerging advancements in gene therapy offer promise to potentially cure alpha 1 lung disease by replacing the mutated gene.

The Global Alpha 1 Lung Disease Market is estimated to be valued at US$ 4.99 Bn in 2023 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 18.9% over the forecast period 2023-2030.

Key Takeaways
Key players operating in the Alpha 1 lung disease market are AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Roche, Novartis, Pfizer, Merck, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Takeda Pharmaceutical, CSL Behring, Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Amgen, Sanofi, GlaxoSmithKline, Gilead Sciences, Eli Lilly, AbbVie, Johnson & Johnson, Teva Pharmaceutical, Audentes Therapeutics, and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.

The key opportunities in the market include growing research for orphan drug development for rare lung disorders, development of novel pharmacological therapies and targeted treatments, and advancements in gene therapy and regenerative medicine for curing Alpha 1 lung disease.

Technological advancements such as ongoing clinical trials evaluating safety and efficacy of novel gene therapies involving ex vivo gene correction and in vivo gene replacement therapy offer promise to treat the underlying cause of Alpha 1 lung disease.

Market Drivers
The major driver fueling the growth of Alpha 1 lung disease market is the rising incidence of Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency caused due to genetic disorders. Other key factors contributing to the market growth include increasing research funding and grants for rare lung diseases, availability of patient assistance programs to enhance treatment access, and growing awareness about early disease diagnosis and management.
Challenges in Alpha 1 Lung Disease Market

The Alpha 1 Lung Disease market faces various challenges which need to be addressed. Some of the major challenges include limited research funding, lack of awareness about the disease, inadequate diagnosis and testing facilities especially in developing regions. Since Alpha 1 Lung Disease is a rare genetic condition, it does not receive sufficient attention from pharmaceutical companies and researchers compared to other common diseases. More scientific studies are required to fully understand the pathogenesis of the disease and develop improved treatment methods. Making diagnostic tests easily accessible will help detect the condition early. Creating awareness programs can educate healthcare professionals and public to recognize symptoms timely. Overall, collaborative efforts are needed from all stakeholders to address patient support issues and accelerate research & development activities in this market.

SWOT Analysis

Strength: Growing research & clinical trial activities providing insights on disease mechanism. Weakness: Limited treatment options and lack of cure. Opportunity: Development of gene therapies and personalized medicines. Threats: High cost of specialized care can burden patients.

Geographically, North America holds the major share in Alpha 1 Lung Disease market in terms of value due to advanced healthcare infrastructure and presence of key players. On the other hand, Asia Pacific region is projected to witness the fastest growth during the forecast period attributed to increasing government funding for rare disease research, growing healthcare spending and massive patient population base. Other emerging regions like Latin America and Middle East are also anticipated to showcase notable expansion in the upcoming years.

The United States represents the largest market for Alpha 1 Lung Disease currently. However, China market is estimated to display robust rise attributed to improving access to diagnosis and care, favourable regulatory environment and heavy investments by international pharmaceutical giants aiming to tap into its giant patient pool. Canada and Japan also contribute significant revenue shares driven by availability of cutting-edge treatment facilities and supportive regulatory guidelines.


  1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
  2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it