May 18, 2024

Hydrogen Vehicles Market are Expected to Witness High Growth Owing to Advancements in Fuel Cell Technology

Hydrogen vehicles, also known as fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), use hydrogen as a fuel to power electric motors. Hydrogen is stored on board the vehicle in pressurized tanks and converted to electricity through an electrochemical reaction in a fuel cell. The only emission from the vehicle is water vapor, making them clean and environmentally friendly. Hydrogen vehicles provide a driving range and refueling time similar to gasoline-powered vehicles. They offer advantages like zero tailpipe emissions, acceleration similar to a sports car, and refueling as quickly as gasoline cars.

The global Hydrogen Vehicle Market is estimated to be valued at US$ 5.89 Bn in 2024 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 28% over the forecast period from 2024 to 2031.

Advancements in fuel cell technologies have increased vehicle range and durability while reducing costs. This has led automakers like Toyota, Hyundai, and Honda to introduce more affordable FCEV models and expand production. Growing environmental regulations to curb emissions are also driving adoption of zero-emissions hydrogen vehicles.

Key Takeaways
Key players operating in the hydrogen vehicle market are Toyota Motor Corporation, Hyundai Motor Company, Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Daimler AG., Audi, BMW, General Motors, MAN, Ford Motor Company, and VOLVO.

The development of hydrogen refueling infrastructure presents a major opportunity for market growth. Automakers have partnered with energy companies to build more hydrogen stations and make refueling accessible. Governments in countries like Japan, South Korea, Germany, and California are also supporting hydrogen station projects through funding and incentives.

Advancements in fuel cell technologies have significantly increased vehicle range and durability. Companies are developing larger capacity fuel cell stacks, composite hydrogen tanks, and new catalyst materials to improve performance and reduce costs further. This is making hydrogen vehicles more commercially viable compared to a few years ago.

Market Drivers
Stringent emission regulations: Growing emission regulations including carbon neutrality targets in major markets are driving demand for clean fuel cell electric vehicles. counties/regions like Germany, UK, China, Japan, Korea, and California have implemented ZEV mandates requiring automakers to raise EV & FCEV sales. This is a major factor supporting the hydrogen vehicle market growth.

Increasing investments in hydrogen infrastructure: Major automakers and energy companies have committed large investments towards building hydrogen refueling infrastructure networks. For instance, the H2 Mobility joint venture in Germany plans to set up 400 hydrogen stations by 2023. Such initiatives are crucial to support the adoption of FCEVs by addressing range and refueling concerns.

Current Challenges in Hydrogen Vehicle Market

The hydrogen vehicle market is still at a nascent stage of development and faces numerous challenges currently. One of the major issues is the lack of hydrogen refueling infrastructure as the number of hydrogen stations is still very limited across major markets. This acts as a roadblock for mass adoption of these vehicles. High costs associated with hydrogen production, storage and distribution also contribute to making the overall costs of these vehicles significantly higher than conventional vehicles currently. Establishing more efficient and cost-effective production and delivery mechanisms for hydrogen would be critical to address this challenge. Another significant barrier is the reluctance among consumers to adopt new technologies due to concerns over driving range and resale value of hydrogen-powered vehicles. Increased awareness campaigns by OEMs and governments would be needed to improve consumer confidence in this segment. Addressing these challenges would be important for the hydrogen vehicle market to realize its full potential in the coming years.

SWOT Analysis

Strength: Hydrogen vehicles are more environmentally friendly with only water emitted from the vehicle as exhaust. They also have a longer driving range than battery electric vehicles.

Weakness: Lack of hydrogen refueling infrastructure deters mass adoption. High production and distribution costs of hydrogen also make the vehicles expensive currently.

Opportunity: Support from governments worldwide in terms of policy support and investments in building hydrogen infrastructure presents large growth opportunities. Technology advancements could also help reduce costs significantly over time.

Threats: Competition from other alternative fuel/powertrain technologies such as battery electric vehicles poses a threat. Public perception around safety of hydrogen may negatively impact market growth.

Geographical Regions

In terms of value, the Hydrogen Vehicle Market is currently highly concentrated in Asia Pacific and Europe regions. Countries like Japan, South Korea, China and Germany have proactively supported the development of hydrogen fueling stations and vehicles fleet. Japan and South Korea account for over 70% of the global hydrogen vehicle stock.

The fastest growing regional market is expected to be North America over the forecast period. The U.S. government is making large investments to build out the hydrogen infrastructure through initiatives like the Hydrogen shot plan. States like California are providing purchase incentives and regulations to drive the adoption of zero emission hydrogen fuel cell vehicles which is supporting the market growth.

*Note:
1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it